Basic Science Research
Cancer researchers have made some great advances through basic science. For example, they discovered the principles that govern the production of monoclonal antibodies and how mutant growth factor receptors act as oncogenes. Some of their discoveries are even applicable to our everyday lives. These advances have helped to improve medical research, prevention, and diagnosis. This kind of research has also been recognized by Nobel Prizes. The National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) funds much of the nation’s basic biomedical research.
Often, clinical trials involve a combination of different treatments in a single patient. They can include a new drug, vaccine, or lifestyle change. They can also involve new approaches to existing therapies, such as radiation therapy. Clinical trials are important in many aspects of cancer treatment and care, and not just those who have no other option. Clinical trials are also a vital part of the research process for cancer prevention. Here are some of the ways clinical trials can help improve patients’ quality of life and the success of their cancer treatment.
In addition to focusing cancer research efforts on patient needs, advocacy partnerships can help researchers make better decisions and improve outcomes. Collaborations between patient advocates and scientists can enrich ongoing research efforts and provide motivation for researchers. Advocates are important allies in the fight against cancer, and they are invaluable resources for trainees.
Preventive measures are critical to reducing the incidence of cancer. In addition to screening for early detection, prevention efforts should focus on identifying biomarkers that indicate increased risk of cancer. Innovative community-based interventions are also being studied for their impact on cancer-relevant biological pathways and clinical outcomes. Through these studies, scientists are better able to identify specific cancer risk factors and to develop new treatments that can prevent and control them.